|—||Salvor Hardin in Foundation (Isaac Asimov).|
Thanks for this interesting question, Faith! I’m going to give an explanation of the question in simple terms, folks that already know the basics of the many-worlds interpretation and possible world semantics may skip to the two sections at the end of this post.
First I’m going to talk about the many-world interpretation of quantum mechanics. Sorry if I’m sloppy or plain wrong, I don’t know very much about this, I just want to give a general idea!
The paradox of knowability is a logical result suggesting that, necessarily, if all truths are knowable in principle then all truths are in fact known. The contrapositive of the result says, necessarily, if in fact there is an unknown truth, then there is a truth that couldn’t possibly be known. More specifically, if p is a truth that is never known then it is unknowable that p is a truth that is never known. The proof has been used to argue against versions of anti-realism committed to the thesis that all truths are knowable. For clearly there are unknown truths; individually and collectively we are non-omniscient. So, by the main result, it is false that all truths are knowable. The result has also been used to draw more general lessons about the limits of human knowledge. Still others have taken the proof to be fallacious, since it collapses an apparently moderate brand of anti-realism into an obviously implausible and naive idealism.
1- What is the Hegelian conception of logic?
2- What is the role of formal logic, if any, within the Hegelian conception of logic?
3- Is there something like a fixed logic canon (for a given time in history)?
4- If there is something like a fixed logic canon for a given time in history, does that change over time?
5- Are inductive inferences valid?
6- Is there a logic foundation for inference to the best explanation?
7- Is the principle of identity valid? Why?
8- Is the principle of non-contradiction valid? Why?
9- Is existential quantification more primitive than universal quantification or viceversa?
10- Is there unrestricted quantification?